Professor Rob Thallon taught a studio this winter term that explored the design pedagogy of OregonBILDS.
Studio Description: The entire studio worked collaboratively toward developing a single design that can be constructed by UO and Lane Community College students. The first few weeks of studio were dedicated to defining the problem in terms of program, energy performance, code restrictions, and market forces; and each student made an individual proposal for a design. The studio then worked collectively to synthesize the best elements of each design into a single cohesive proposal that was developed through the rest of the term. The end result of the term was a set of drawings that describes the proposed house and garden at the level required for a building permit.
Overall themes of the studio included:
The nature of sustainable architecture.
Fundamentals of residential design – site design, building design, budget, legal restrictions.
Integration of building technology to define and support the spirit of the project.
Collaboration, teamwork, and the role of the individual.
The students studied local houses to understand building elements and relationships. These were interpreted into a new design that responds to a university agreement to develop the eastern edge of the campus in a way that reflects the scale and character of the existing neighborhood. The issues of scale and form were integrated with an emphasis on sustainable principles.
1572 Villard St. Eugene, OR
The proposed house, modeled below, is compact and simple with a long south-facing wall with lots of windows to capture light and solar heat. The street end of the building is more complex and has a large front porch that provides a slight variation from neighboring houses.
Site Plan and Ground Floor
The house and garage/accessory dwelling unit are pushed toward the northern property line to allow for the greatest amount of sunlight. Major rooms relate to outdoor spaces and the garage is connected to the house with a covered walkway that doubles as a covered porch at the north edge of a large outdoor terrace. The pool at the south edge of the terrace is part of the rainwater catchment system.
North – South Section
The section shows a bio-swale, a rainwater catchment tank repurposed from the basement of an earlier building, the two-story house insulted to Passive House standards, and the driveway to the north. The 7:12 pitch roof mirrors neighborhood roofs and the uninterrupted south slope will support solar water heating and photovoltaic panels.
Floor/Wall/Roof Section Detail
Students researched a range of building systems. The wall section shows the economical and buildable assembly of structure and insulation that meets Passive House standards.
East – West Site Section/Elevation
The drawing shows a section through the entire site from rear (west) to street (east). The accessory dwelling at the left is connected to the house with a covered walkway that helps to define the large outdoor terrace.
With two weeks left before Final Review, the studio has made great progress. As a group, the students resolved a schematic design for the home and have proceeded to work on individual projects within the scope of the design.
Among other things, they are determining the R-values of walls, window schedules, stair construction and a rain water catchment system.